Are Antibiotics Mandatory After Plastic Surgery? In the last decade, the abuse of antibiotics was significantly debated. Recently, more doctors would try to avoid prescribing antibiotics as much as possible as they tend to create a lack of immune response from your metabolism in the long run. However, most doctors will prescribe preventive antibiotic treatments before or after plastic surgery. Even if infection occurs only in small percentages, every surgeon is creating a safe passage for the procedure by asking the patient to take antibiotics when dealing with any kind of augmentation. Antibiotics are commonly used in cosmetic surgeries, and many people ask why. You need to understand that even if you need them or not, antibiotics will reduce any kind of risks when dealing with future infections. This is why many plastic surgeries will be performed getting some help from this type of medicine. Even if some augmentation procedures like facelift surgery, eyelid surgery, or rhinoplasty will not require any antibiotics, your surgeon will not hesitate to prescribe antibiotics when dealing with a complex augmentation, especially when implants are required. This is mainly because your body will need to interact with foreign objects. The body will tend to heal all the tissue surrounding it, but in some cases, your body cannot fight by itself, and that is why surgeons will take extra measures. Between doctors, there is one argument that is creating different opinions regarding the one-dose protocol versus using multiple doses before and after the procedure. Some studies showed that patients who are subjected to breast reconstruction tend to develop infections more often when a single dose is applied. This is why even if in most cases the one-dose protocol works perfectly fine, when applied to breast augmentations it created controversy. Also, the one-dose argument was contradicted when between 2007 and 2010, a study showed that more patients tend to develop infections when a single dose is applied. The difference was from 19% to 34%, which is why more surgeons at the moment will adapt the treatment according to the patient’s recovery process, and s/he will not especially use the “one-dose” protocol. Even if it might sound scary, an infection is not something that usually occurs after plastic surgery. In the end, it is not something to worry about. Of course, as a side effect the probability of an infection is always there, but these percentages are only a small number. For example, 19% and 34% are the results of the overall side effect that occurs only in 2% of patients. An infection can be caused by seromas or hematomas developed after the surgery or by inappropriate care of the wounds. A plastic surgeon will know exactly how to deal with this issue. An infection can also always be prevented on time, especially if you follow all medical advice after the procedure.