Breast reduction, also known as a mammary reduction or reduction mammoplasty, is a surgical intervention that reduces the dimensions of the breasts and remodels them in order to be proportionate to the rest of the body. It eliminates discomfort among patients as well.Large breasts can cause back pain, deep shoulder indentations, irritation, dermatitis, and swelling. These are common problems that women undergo everyday, leading them to consider a breast reduction procedure.You are a good candidate for breast reduction if:– Your breasts are considerably large compared to your anatomy and cause back, neck or shoulder pain;– Your nipple and areola complex are facing downward;– One of your breasts is bigger than the other;– The weight of your breasts makes physical activities difficult;– You have difficulty breathing due to the pressure in your chest cavity;– You have an incorrect posture and feel numbness in certain areas of the breasts;– You are in a good health condition;– You have good skin elasticity;– Your breasts have fully developed;– You don’t plan to breastfeed or get pregnant in the future.At the same time, it is recommended not to consider undergoing surgery if you have undiagnosed breast nodules, severe obesity, diabetes, or issues with wound healing. If you are currently breastfeeding, smoke, have blood coagulation issues or severe cardiac conditions, you may not be eligible for the procedure as well.Procedure– The surgeon will mark the location of the incisions;– Accordingly to what you have discussed during the pre-operative consultation, you will receive either a general anesthetic or intravenous sedation;– The model of the incision is directly proportional and dependent on the size of the breasts, as well as their level of sagginess and the position of the nipple-areola complex;– The surgeon will eliminate the excess skin and fat. If the breasts are not symmetrical or equal, the surgeon will remove different quantities from each one. The remaining skin will be arranged to create a youthful contour and the nipple-areola complex is elevated to a normal position;– Drain tubes will be placed at the sides of the incisions to help with fluid elimination;– The incisions are closed with layered sutures to offer proper support.Liposuction might also be used to accentuate the results further. Liposuction is usually performed on the thorax, upper back and upper abdomen.The scars after breast reduction surgery are permanent, but they will improve their appearance over time.What you need to find out from your plastic surgeon:– If you are a good candidate for the procedure and if your expectations are realistic;– What type of procedure is suitable for your needs;– What type of anesthesia is recommended for your particular case;– What are the risks and complications forecasted for your case and how will they be approached;– How you need to prepare for the surgical treatment;– How long will the recovery last and when you will be able to resume normal activities;– What are your options if the result of the intervention doesn’t respect the terms you have discussed;– What are the instructions you need to follow after the surgical treatment for optimizing the results;What are the costs of the intervention?Breast reduction for better postureSome breast reduction patients are very young women who find it difficult to live a normal life due to the excessive size and volume of their breasts. Most of them avoid sports and exercise as it feels uncomfortable, and sweating can cause rashes and irritation on the infra-mammary fold.Another issue is body posture. When confronted with the overdevelopment of the mammary tissue from an early age, it can lead to bad posture. The patient has no respite from the burden, pressure, and weight of overdeveloped breasts. The posture worsens with each day and the patient may also be confronted with severe back, shoulder, and neck pain.When a breast reduction procedure is performed, the effect is similar to lifting the pressure off your chest, relieving tension from the muscles.ConclusionBreast reduction is an effective method to decrease the size and volume of large breasts, as well as reshape them for a more youthful appearance. The intervention is performed mostly for functional purposes, such as to relieve the patient of back, shoulder, and neck pain. The procedure is also performed on patients who are suffering due to bad body posture.