Many women suffer from the condition of having extremely large breasts. The breasts become overly large as a result of genetic conditions, being overweight, hormonal changes, and the use of certain medications. Overly large breasts not only appear unpleasant but also create physical pain and discomfort for the patient. Patients experience emotional and self-esteem issues as a result of the problem. The good news is that overly developed breasts can be treated via breast reduction surgery. The procedure involves removal of the excess fat, tissue, and skin from the breasts. Whether you are a good candidate for the surgery is determined during the pre-operative consultation. The patient must choose a board-certified, experienced plastic surgeon to perform the procedure. Consultation While breast reduction surgery is effective, it is not for every woman. Your candidacy for the surgery will be decided during the consultation session. The consultation is the most important aspect of the surgery. It gives you the opportunity to discuss the surgery in detail with the doctor. At the same time, it lets the doctor check whether you are a good candidate for the intervention. Below are the important proceedings of the consultation for breast reduction. Breast examination The consultation session starts with the examination of your breasts. It is important for the doctor to check whether your breasts are overly large and if breast reduction will treat the condition. Some patients consider breast reduction surgery for wrong reasons. For example, some patients have saggy breasts and they think breast reduction can treat it. The fact is that breast reduction is meant to decrease the size of huge breasts, not to treat saggy breasts. The plastic surgeon will make sure your breasts are huge and breast reduction will help treat the problem. The doctor will ask you how the condition is affecting your life. Overly large breasts affect the patient’s self-esteem and quality of life, in addition to creating physical pain and discomfort. If you are not experiencing these issues, you should avoid the procedure because it entails risks and side effects. You should undergo breast reduction surgery as a last resort and only when the benefits are greater than the risks. Health assessment If the doctor concludes that you need breast reduction surgery, he will assess your health. Assessment of your health is the most important facet of the consultation session. In order to be a good candidate for breast reduction, you must be physically and mentally fit. If there are serious health issues, you should avoid the surgery. It is important for the patient to discuss her complete health and medication history with the doctor. Certain health problems can make the surgery very risky for you. These include diabetes, serious heart problems, autoimmune disorders, hypertension, pulmonary problems, and disorders of the blood. These health problems can make the surgery risky for you. As such, you will be advised to avoid going under the knife. Goals and expectations The next important thing the surgeon will do during the consultation is assess your goals and expectations. In order to be a good candidate, the patient must have realistic, reasonable, and achieve goals and expectations. Keep in mind that breast reduction surgery can effectively enhance your breasts, which will improve your overall body outline and definition. However, the surgery will not transform you into a celebrity or make you look like another person. It will only enhance your existing self. It is important for the patient to discuss her goals and expectations with the surgeon in clear terms. Do not hesitate to tell the surgeon how you think your breasts will appear after the procedure and what improvements you need. For example, very large breasts lead to neck and shoulder pain. If you expect the surgery to alleviate the pain, you must tell it to the surgeon. Preparedness for the surgery During the consultation, the surgeon will also check whether you are willing and prepared for the surgery and recovery period. Keep in mind that breast reduction is a major and invasive surgery. It is performed under general anesthesia. The procedure involves incisions and removal of the surplus fat, glandular tissue, and skin from the breasts. After the procedure, the patient is required to go through a complete recovery process. The primary recovery happens during the first two weeks of the surgery. Complete recovery will take six weeks. It is important for the patient to be prepared for the intervention and the recovery process. The surgeon will check this during the consultation session. If the surgeon thinks you are not motivated and prepared, he may advise you to avoid going under the knife. To be a good candidate for the surgery, you need to be fully prepared for the surgery and recovery period. Smoking and use of certain medicines The plastic surgeon will also ask you whether you are a smoker or use certain medicines. Smoking is dangerous for health and it can affect the recovery and outcome of the surgery. It is important for the patient to be ready to stop smoking at least two weeks ahead of the surgery and avoid smoking throughout the recovery period. If you are not willing to stop smoking, you will not be a good candidate for breast reduction surgery. Smoking affects the healing process by coagulating the blood and restricting blood and oxygen supply to the surgical wound. As such, the incisions do not heal properly and the recovery takes more time. Also, smoking affects the results of the surgery by creating unwelcoming scars. Skin quality Your skin quality is another important factor the plastic surgeon will examine during the consultation. To be a good candidate for the surgery, you skin should have sufficient elasticity. This is important because when the excess fat and glandular tissue is removed from the breasts, the breasts become saggy. When the skin does not have elasticity, the sagging can be worse, even though the excess skin will be removed during the surgery to prevent sagging. If your breast skin is excessively saggy, the doctor may advise you to avoid the intervention. Things to discuss with the surgeon While the plastic surgeon will determine your candidacy for the surgery, you must also be prepared for the consultation. Be sure to do some research beforehand and ask the doctor relevant questions. Doing so will not only get you acquainted with the surgery, but also help you make a good decision and understand the risks and benefits of the procedure. First off, ask the surgeon how the breast augmentation surgery is performed and what are the major steps. The surgeon’s answer will provide you clues about his experience and skills. A good plastic surgeon will answer the question in clear terms and help you understand how the intervention is performed. Secondly, ask the surgeon what type of anesthesia will be used to perform the operation. Normally, the surgery is performed under general anesthesia; however, some surgeons use IV sedation with local anesthesia. Explore your anesthesia options and know the benefits of each option. If you have an allergy from anesthesia, do not hesitate to bring it to the knowledge of the plastic surgeon. Furthermore, you must ask the surgeon what are the risks and side effects of the surgery. Keep in mind that breast reduction is a major operation. As such, many risks are associated with the procedure. The common risks and side effects include infection, change or loss of nipple sensitivity, scarring, excessive bleeding, loss of breastfeeding capability, post-operative swelling, and blood clotting. Moreover, you should ask the surgeon about the recovery after breast reduction and the results you should expect. After the surgery, the patient is required to take rest for two weeks and avoid work. Also, you must avoid physical activities for two weeks and physically strenuous activities for six weeks after the surgery. After two weeks, you may resume work if your work does not involve strenuous activities. When it comes to the results, your breasts will reduce in size after the surgery and the pain associated with the overly large breasts will be alleviated. Conclusion Breast reduction is a major plastic surgery that effectively decreases the size of huge breasts. The procedure involves incisions and is performed under general anesthesia. Your candidacy for the surgery will be determined during the pre-operative consultation. What will happen during the consultation session and the questions you should ask the surgeon have been discussed above. The consultation session provides the surgeon the opportunity to determine your candidacy for the operation. It also helps the patient decide whether it is safe to go under the knife and whether the surgeon is experienced and board-certified.