In most countries, doctors have no legal provisions which guarantee results after plastic surgery. This is logical, because no method can completely predict the patient’s appearance after the surgery. Even virtual simulations forecasting the surgery’s results cannot provide a completely accurate prediction of the outcome. Patients are advised to have realistic goals and expectations from any plastic surgery procedure, because a perfect outcome is impossible. The results are dependent on numerous factors, including the patient’s anatomy, desires, post-care, and healing speed. Even if your doctor guarantees positive outcomes, there is still a moral obligation for the surgeon to inform you about the associated risks and complications beforehand, while ensuring that the patient is a good candidate for the specific procedure. The Surgeon’s Moral Responsibilities Even though your plastic surgeon may not guarantee final results of an operation, he or she must obey certain moral obligations. Your surgeon should provide complete information about the procedure during the initial consultation and assess your health and body to determine your eligibility for the surgery. Your plastic surgeon is morally bound to ensure that you fulfill the health requirements for the surgery, while discussing the procedure and its inherent risks and side effects. If your doctor determines that you do not qualify for the procedure, he or she has the moral responsibility and right to reject your request for a specific surgery. The surgeon is also responsible for providing the patient with the overall costs of the procedure, including specific breakdowns of the anticipated costs. Furthermore, the doctor will explain the use of specific surgical techniques, incision types, and anesthetic options before asking for your consent wherever necessary. The results of plastic surgery cannot be fully guaranteed, and any surgeon guaranteeing a hundred percent success rate should raise a red flag for the patient. Aesthetic plastic surgery is different from other operations in that it does not necessarily rectify any existing medical conditions. Its main goal is the enhancement of your physical appearance. This is why it is important for the doctor to provide a detailed explanation about the surgery in order to aid the patient’s decision making. Ensuring optimum outcomes after plastic surgery Plastic surgery is a major operation, because it entails many risks and it requires specialized equipment that only certain surgeons may utilize. Therefore, the patient should ensure that the surgery is conducted in an accredited, fully equipped surgical facility. Only a board-certified plastic surgeon should operate on the patient, and surgery should, under no circumstances, be conducted in an unaccredited facility, hotel room, medical office, and/or ill-equipped facility. During the initial consultation, patients should share their medical history with the doctor. The doctor has the right to request for the patient to undergo additional tests and scans in order to minimize any risks. Although the plastic surgeon should defer to the patient for major decisions regarding certain details, it is sometimes necessary for patients to follow the doctor’s expert opinions and recommendations. The doctor may advise against the surgery if he or she believes that the patient’s goals are not feasible, or if it poses a danger to the patient’s life. The possibility of an unsatisfactory outcome will always exist. In fact, a procedure may be successful, but the patient can still be unhappy with the results if it does not meet their newfound expectations. It would be unfair to lay the blame solely on the doctor in this case. Scarring is unavoidable in plastic surgery. Some patients are genetically predisposed to developing dense, elevated, and/or extensive scarring. You should rethink your decision to undergo surgery if you hate scars. Fortunately, most post-surgery scars gradually fade to become less visible over time. Conclusion The results of plastic surgery cannot be completely guaranteed. There are many factors that can affect the results of plastic surgery. Certain factors can be controlled by the patient and the doctor, but there are just as many, if not more, uncontrollable factors. One way of achieving positive results through plastic surgery is the careful selection of a board-certified plastic surgeon for the procedure.