How Dangerous Is Plastic Surgery? Introduction Plastic surgery is an effective tool to improve the appearance of the body, correct physical imperfections, and get the body you have always wanted. No more emotional struggles caused by having overly small or overly large breasts, no more dissatisfaction caused by having a small and flat butt, no more adipose pockets localized in different areas of the body! Plastic surgery can also help you erase some signs of aging and provide you with a more youthful appearance, despite your years. Plastic surgery is widely performed nowadays in countries all over the globe. Some might even say that it is so popular it becomes trivialized. However, plastic surgery is an important decision to make, and it can lead to significant physical and also psychological changes for the patient. A question that concerns people interested in undergoing different plastic surgery procedures is about how dangerous plastic surgery actually is. There are many highlighted cases of botched procedures and death after plastic surgery, and one might tend to believe that plastic surgery is just as risky as Russian roulette. But on the other hand, more and more people, and even people in our close proximity such as friends, coworkers, and relatives are undergoing plastic surgery and enjoying the spectacular results of it without dealing with any complications. In this article, we will discuss how dangerous plastic surgery is and what can be done to minimize the risks associated with it. Risks associated with plastic surgery Plastic surgery is nowadays widely accessible and available, not to mention fashionable. However, before deciding to undergo this type of procedure, it is important to be aware of the risks involved and the complications that can occur in time. The success of plastic surgery is not entirely dependent on the skills and experience of the surgeon, but also on your genes, age and lifestyle. Last but not least, the equipment and facilities of the clinic where your procedure is performed and the quality of the tools and devices used by the plastic surgeon can play a major role in the success of your procedure. Any surgical act is associated with specific risks. Some of them are common to all surgeries while others depend on the type of procedure. Generally speaking, the risks associated with plastic surgery are: Anesthesia risks For your procedure, the surgeon might recommend general anesthesia or local anesthesia with sedation. Any type of anesthesia entails some risks that will be discussed in detail both with the plastic surgeon and the anesthetist before the procedure. What is important to keep in mind is that anesthesia risks have been significantly reduced over the years due to the development of modern medicine. Bleeding A certain amount of bleeding is normal during and after a surgical procedure. During surgery, the tissues and blood vessels are sectioned, which results in bleeding. The plastic surgeon will use special techniques to minimize the bleeding and will also give you a set of recommendations for pre- and post-operative care to make sure this risk is prevented. During the first few days after surgery, any intense movements can lead to bleeding. The bleeding can be internal or external. If the bleeding persists or is excessive, contact your surgeon to find an alternative treatment. Avoiding anti-inflammatory medication can also help reduce the risk of excessive bleeding. Infection When dealing with open wounds, there is always the risk of infection present. Even something as insignificant as cutting yourself with paper can lead to the infection of the area. Plastic surgery often entails significant incisions positioned in different areas of the body, some more prone to bacterial proliferation that others. There are strict recommendations for post-op incisions care that should be followed to the letter to avoid developing an infection. In the case of augmentation procedures, the infection can be on the incisions on the surface of the skin or deep down in the pocket where the implant was inserted. Antibiotics treatment is usually prescribed for five days post-op to reduce the risk of developing an infection after plastic surgery. The patient should be made aware of the risks and the symptoms because infections require immediate treatment. This means that if you are experiencing intense pain, redness in the area, pus coming from the incisions, and high fever, the recommendation is to contact your doctor immediately as these might all be signs of infection. Unsightly scars When undergoing heart surgery, patients rarely wonder about the shape, size, and visibility of the scars. However, things are very different when it comes to plastic surgery. Plastic surgery is mostly performed for aesthetic purposes. This means that the appearance of the scars is a part of the success of the surgery. No patient will ever want to get the perfect breasts but with huge, unsightly looking scars all over them. The scars are permanent, and if the healing process goes smoothly and uneventfully, the scars will look like white, fine lines a year after the procedure. However, not all the scars go through a normal cicatrization process. Some patients are prone to bad scarring or developing keloid or hypertrophic scars. If you had other surgeries in the past, let your plastic surgeon know about this and also how the healing process went. Also, it is unreasonable to expect the scars to fade away weeks after the procedure. The scars go through multiple stages before they heal completely and mature, and in some stages, they can even look worse immediately after the procedure. To minimize the risk of being left with unsightly looking scars, make sure to go to the follow-up consultations with the plastic surgeon. Even in the case of developing abnormal scarring, the plastic surgeon can use different methods and treatment plans to reduce the bad appearance of the scars. Unsatisfactory results Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, and this has been a reality for centuries now. To evaluate the results of plastic surgery, we have industry standards and measurements. However, even if your breasts will look perfect by many people’s standards, they can still be not what you wanted to achieve. For some patients, going from an A bra cup size to a C is the perfect result. However, for others, it is a D cup or a specific shape or a correction of the asymmetry. To reduce the risk of dissatisfaction, it is essential to choose a plastic surgeon that you can communicate with openly and honestly. Make sure that the plastic surgeon has understood exactly what you expect to achieve and has confirmed that your expectations are reasonable. Also, always choose a board-certified and experienced plastic surgeon to minimize the risks of getting unsatisfactory results. Dangers of plastic surgery Most of the dangers of plastic surgery are associated with one of the following: – Inexperienced plastic surgeon – Improper medical facility – Use of bad quality materials – Patient’s inability to follow instructions Each plastic surgery procedure has a set of dos and don’ts. Some of them are for the surgeon to be aware of and respect when performing the surgery; the others are for the patient. Plastic surgery becomes dangerous when the surgeon or the patient doesn’t follow the rules. Otherwise, there are just some risks that can be associated with any type of surgery and are often minor. Conclusion When performed by a board-certified, experienced plastic surgeon in an accredited medical facility and after a proper consultation with both the plastic surgeon and the anesthetist that will assist during surgery, plastic surgery poses minimal risks. However, when these conditions are not followed, the risks of developing a complication are high. There are risks involved with any type of surgical act, and plastic surgery is no different. In this article, we have discussed some of these risks such as the risks associated with anesthesia, excessive bleeding, and unsightly scarring, among others. Most of these risks can be minimized or avoided altogether if the patient follows a strict pre- and post-operative plan. However, there is never a guarantee that the medical act will be risk-free. You should also know that plastic surgery entails more risks when performed on patients after a certain age, with different chronic or severe health conditions, or on obese patients.