Nowadays, it is not only women who frequently resort to plastic surgery to reshape and contour their body. Now, more and more men are interested in undergoing plastic surgery to erase localized fat deposits and regain a leaner silhouette. Men have now taken the first step towards achieving and maintaining a beautiful body, like women have been doing for decades. The most requested surgeries by male patients are anti-aging procedures and liposuction.Fat distribution in men and womenWeight is distributed differently in men and women. Male patients are often confronted with adipose deposits on the waist, abdomen, and chest. This is also why one of the most commonly requested plastic surgery for men is abdominal liposuction.Adipocytes are cells that store body fat (fat cells) and constitute the body’s energy reserves. The production of the cells occurs regularly from childhood to adolescence. For this reason, it is recommended that parents be particularly vigilant about their children’s diet and exercise during this period of growth.There are three types of obesity: obesity by magnifying the volume of fat cells (hyperplasia), obesity by multiplying the number of adipocytes (hypertrophy), and mixed obesity (the two types combined). It is recognized that breast cancer tumor cells alter within adipocytes. Scientists believe there may be a cause and effect relationship between obesity, the risk of metastasis, and rapid spread of the cancer.Fighting localized fat in menLiposuction is a fast and effective technique that men can use to reshape their bodies. There might also be sagging skin if the patient underwent significant weight fluctuations, especially in the arms, abdomen and thighs area. There are several plastic surgery techniques that can be used to erase or correct the imperfections:Abdominal liposuctionMen have a reduced presence of stretch marks compared to women, and the skin retraction is also better. Liposuction of the abdomen area is particularly popular for male patients also because it poses fewer risks and has a short recovery period. However, liposuction in this area can be performed only if the fat is subcutaneous (under the skin). If the patient is overweight or obese, this means that the fat is also inside the abdomen (intraperitoneal) and liposuction cannot remove the visceral fat. In certain cases, the patient can get help from a nutritionist and undergo a diet before going to a plastic surgeon.Liposuction of the abdomen is a cosmetic procedure that involves vacuuming excess fat cells localized in the abdomen area. These excess fat deposits can draw their origins in heredity, unhealthy eating, and the natural aging process. Liposuction can correct the fat deposits in the tummy that are often resistant to various diets and physical activity.To get impressive results after abdominal liposuction, you should have:– Good skin quality. A flexible and retractile skin is preferred, though loose, excess skin may be removed via a tummy tuck operation– Localized fat deposits that do not diffuse– A close to normal or ideal weight2. GynecomastiaApart from stomach fat, gynecomastia is also one of the reasons why men choose to undergo plastic surgery. Fat deposits in the chest can be corrected by using a gynecomastia procedure or liposuction. Gynecomastia is needed when there is also glandular tissue to be removed.3. Tummy tuckWhen the patient has excess skin or abdominal muscle distention aside from stomach fat, a tummy tuck may be recommended. During the abdominoplasty, the plastic surgeon will remove the excess skin and adipose tissue from the belly. This procedure is recommended for men with sagging skin on the abdomen caused by drastic weight fluctuations.The tummy tuck can be performed combined with a liposuction for an improved aspect and a better-defined profile. The scar left behind by the tummy tuck is hidden because the incision is near the pubic area.Risks and complicationsRisks and complications can occur in any surgery, cosmetic or not. In most cases, they can be avoided or prevented. However, it is important to be aware of the possible risks and complications involved in the type of surgery you are getting in order to notify your doctor immediately in the instance they occur.– Thromboembolic events such as phlebitis and pulmonary embolisms are some of the risks associated with anesthesia, but are extremely rare. A pre-operative consultation with the cosmetic surgeon and the anesthesiologist is important to reduce this risk to a minimum.– Hematoma and seroma can occur after liposuction, gynecomastia, and tummy tuck in male patients.– The occurrence of infection may require surgical drainage combined with antibiotic treatment.– Initial metabolic disturbance and anemia may occur when large amounts of fat are removed during liposuction. Anemia is usually quickly resolved with an iron treatment, but in some cases, if it is severe and responsible for excessive fatigue, a transfusion may be necessary.– Sensitivity disorders can be felt but fade after a few weeks.– A possible asymmetry due to poor surgical technique.– The occurrence of a delayed wound healing usually caused by smoking before and after plastic surgery interventions.ConclusionMany types of plastic surgery are available to remove fat in male patients, however, keep in mind that procedures such as liposuction are not meant to be substitutes or treatments for weight loss or obesity. It is always recommended that patients have a stable and close to ideal weight before undergoing fat removal procedures.