IntroductionIn a society that holds aesthetics in high regard, people are becoming increasingly conscious of their outward appearance. It is evident that physically attractive men and women are given better treatment and more opportunities than the average person. This is only one of the reasons why many people have started to turn to plastic surgery as an effective means to improve their physical features. On the other hand, there are people who desire to enhance certain aspects of their body for more personal reasons.Despite the rising popularity of cosmetic procedures, many patients still have their reservations about going under the knife. Prospective clients are advised to read articles or watch informative television programs on plastic surgery to assuage their doubts about these surgical interventions. They can also ask the advice of medical professionals, their friends and family prior to deciding on a specific surgical intervention. Other facets of surgical procedures that should be thoroughly researched are the preparation, procedure, risks and complications, and the recovery period.Preparing for breast augmentation surgeryThe breasts significantly contribute to a woman’s appeal and attractiveness. This is why thousands of women undergo breast enhancement surgery each year. In order to be fully prepared for surgery, it is important to know a few things about the anatomy of the breasts and some of the factors that may affect the outcome of the surgery.The breasts are mostly composed of fat cells that are collectively known as adipose tissue that determine the shape and size of the breasts. Underneath the adipose tissue are the pectoral muscles which are involved in arm movement. A single breast is known to hold approximately 20 lobes that secrete milk and these lobes are connected to milk ducts that carry milk away from the mammary glands and towards the nipple. The breast area also consists of blood and lymphatic vessels as well as nerves that give the breasts their sensitivity.To prepare for surgery, it is vital to inform the surgeon of any medications that you may be taking. Doing so will help the surgeon determine which drugs should be discontinued prior to the breast enhancement procedure. Health conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease should also be disclosed. Smokers are also advised to quit for a few weeks before and after surgery. These are only a few examples of a surgeon’s preoperative instructions. These instructions should be strictly followed to ensure a safe and speedy recovery.Breast augmentation surgery has high satisfaction ratings and most of the patients who have had breast imperfections corrected have noticed a considerable improvement in their self-esteem and body image; not to mention a more positive outlook in life.To achieve your desired outcome, it would be prudent to inform your surgeon of your aesthetic goals during the initial consultation. The plastic surgeon will keep your ideas in mind throughout the planning phase. More importantly, you should ask your surgeon about the potential complications of the operation including other pertinent details regarding the procedure.Surgical options: incisions and implant typesThese are the three incisions that are commonly used to insert the mammary implants:The inframammary incision which is done under the breastsThe periareolar incision which is performed along the edge of the areolaThe transaxillary incision which is made in the armpitsThe surgeon can opt for any of these incisions to insert the implants under the pectoral muscle (submuscular position) or under the mammary gland (subglandular position).Despite the number of options available, it would be judicious to follow the recommendation of the surgeon regarding the placement of the implants and the incisions that will be used during the surgery. The incisions are not suitable for all body types and this is why it is imperative that the patient takes the surgeon’s advice into consideration when making decisions about the operation.The patient is also the one who selects the type of implants to be used in the surgery. Breasts implants come in different shapes, sizes and textures. The patient can choose from round or teardrop-shaped implants, textured or smooth implants and these are all available in various sizes. In addition, the patient will have to choose between silicone and saline breast implants. These prostheses have their own advantages and disadvantages. You may consult your surgeon to help you determine the most suitable implants for your build and expectations.Complications and potential risks of the breast augmentation procedureThe breast augmentation procedure, like all other surgeries, entails particular risks and complications. Following the surgeon’s preoperative and postoperative instructions is crucial to ensuring the patient’s safety.Most potential complications during breast enhancement surgery can easily be avoided by an experienced and certified plastic surgeon. An excellent surgeon will take precautionary measures based on the patient’s health status and personal and family medical history. Moreover, a good doctor will be able to give an accurate evaluation of the patient’s physique and will consequently be able to come up with a suitable operative plan that incorporates your desires and expectations.ConclusionWith the advent of modern technology and scientific breakthroughs, plastic surgery offers numerous options that cater to the patient’s requirements. These selections involve the type of breast implants including their shape, size and texture, the incision type, and the placement of the implants. Prior to deciding on the implants, the patient should have herself evaluated by the surgeon. The plastic surgeon will then discuss the appropriate implants and surgical procedure. The patient can use this information as a guide to help her determine the most suitable implants and incisions for her frame. Moreover, the patient should research everything she can about the intervention such as how the surgery is conducted and all of its associated risks. All of these things are crucial to the success of the intervention.