More and more women are looking into the liposuction procedure to get rid of unwanted fat pockets that are localized in certain areas of the body such as the arms, abdomen, buttocks, thighs, and even the knees. During liposuction, the plastic surgeon will fluidize the fat and extract it with the help of a surgical vacuum. By doing this, the areas of the body targeted are reshaped and remodeled. The patient should be in good health and emotional condition before scheduling the liposuction procedure and also fully aware of the risks and potential complications entailed by this plastic surgery procedure. A realistic projection of the results expected is also important. Choosing the plastic surgeon If you want to undergo a liposuction procedure and avoid the risks and potential complications, it is essential to choose a board-certified and experienced plastic surgeon. While the liposuction is usually a safe intervention, for the risks to be minimal, it needs to be performed in an accredited medical facility and by a board-certified surgeon. You need to be able to trust your plastic surgeon will all the things related to the procedure and also have an open communication with him. Before the procedure, you will have a few consultations during which your surgeon will ask details about your medical history and even current and past medications. Any surgical intervention has risks and complications that can occur due to different factors. Having an experienced and board-certified plastic surgeon performing your procedure and answering all your questions properly is essential if you want to keep the risks to a minimum. If you are experiencing issues that your plastic surgeon didn’t mention before the liposuction procedure, you should first try to get in touch with him before looking for alternative treatments. What to do before liposuction: 1. Lose the excess kilograms until you are happy with your weight and confident that you can maintain it for a long period of time It is recommended to have a stable and closer to normal weight before the intervention in order to avoid ulterior issues. Your plastic surgeon will suggest you try diets and physical exercises to achieve the weight you desire before scheduling the liposuction procedure. There are people wanting to undergo liposuction before achieving their ideal weight thinking they will lose more weight during the intervention and the recovery process. Your body needs nutrients and a balanced diet while healing after liposuction. This means that it is not recommended to have a strict diet while recovering. Putting your body through unnecessary stress during the healing period can result in problems after the surgery. 2. Avoid taking aspirin and other anti-inflammatory medication at least two weeks before the procedure The plastic surgeon will advise you to stop any treatment with anti-inflammatory pills two weeks prior to the intervention date. Anti-inflammatory medication can act as an anti-coagulant, and this means that excessive bleeding might occur during or after the procedure. 3. Undergo the tests recommended by the plastic surgeon Before undergoing any plastic surgery procedure, the surgeon will suggest you take certain tests that should reveal more information about your health condition. If the patient knows he is suffering from certain health conditions, the plastic surgeon needs to know all about this well before the intervention is scheduled. When to avoid liposuction A responsible plastic surgeon will tell you that liposuction is not recommended if the patient is suffering from severe blood conditions, as well as infectious diseases, skin diseases, heart, and lung issues. Even if liposuction is an easy and safe procedure that involves minimal risks for the patient, it is a plastic surgery intervention nevertheless. People who are not in a good or reasonable health condition should avoid undergoing the procedure until their conditions improve and their immune system is working at optimal parameters. Something as common as a cold can cause a delay of the date of your liposuction procedure. Your plastic surgeon will want to make sure you are in the best condition possible before performing your intervention. It is true that the liposuction leaves few marks on the body. The incisions done to introduce the cannula are very small; no more than 3-4 mm each and placed in areas where it will be difficult to notice them once they have healed and matured. When the incisions are small, there are several risks that are avoided. However, certain problems can still occur. Problems that can occur after liposuction Liposuction is a relatively easy procedure that won’t last more than one or two hours, but there is still a risk of developing complications such as the following: 1. Excessive bleeding A certain amount of bleeding is natural after the procedure, but if the bleeding is persistent, this is a sign of an issue that needs to be looked into. Your plastic surgeon will tell you during the initial consultation exactly what you should expect in terms of normal side effects. Excessive bleeding is not a natural occurrence, and you should call your plastic surgeon immediately if this happens. If the bleeding is making you feel weak and you can’t reach the plastic surgeon in time, go to the local hospital. Bleeding can be prevented in most cases by following the plastic surgeon’s recommendations and by wearing the girdle. The girdle has multiple purposes and is essential for a fast and smooth recovery process and for achieving optimal results. The girdle should be worn for at least four weeks after the intervention, but the exact amount of time will be decided by your plastic surgeon. 2. Infections Infections don’t usually occur, but if the patient presents any signs of infection, it should be treated promptly. Call your surgeon immediately if you have a high fever, if the incision sites are red, or if you notice pus coming out of the incisions. If your surgeon can’t be reached, you should get medical help immediately to treat the infection. Most plastic surgeons will prescribe antibiotics to prevent infections from happening, but there is still a risk for them to occur due to an improper hygiene routine or other external causes that can’t be controlled. 3. Changes in sensitivity Sometimes this occurs in patients who had a significant quantity of fat removed, but it usually disappears within a few weeks or months after the procedure. If you notice numbness or an increased sensitivity in the areas where liposuction was performed, you should tell your surgeon about it. There is no treatment for this side effect, and the plastic surgeon will advise you to be patient until it subsides on its own. 4. Breathing issues, nausea, and dizziness When general anesthesia is used during liposuction, there are natural and common side effects such dizziness and nausea that may occur. If they occur a few days or weeks after the surgery, you should contact the plastic surgeon as soon as possible. What to do after liposuction: – Follow the plastic surgeon’s recommendations to the letter; – Take the medication that your plastic surgeon has prescribed; – Wear the girdle for at least four to six weeks after the procedure; – Go to the checkups scheduled with the surgeon after the intervention; – Avoid sun exposure on the treated areas; – Avoid aggressive massages. Conclusion Liposuction is a relatively safe and easy to perform procedure that entails few and minimal risks to the patients’ health condition and well-being. However, just like any surgical intervention, there are some risks and problems that can occur. Among them are infection, excessive bleeding, and changes in sensitivity. The recommendation is to call your plastic surgeon if you encounter any of these problems. If you can’t get in touch with the plastic surgeon in a reasonable amount of time, and you have signs of infection or persistent bleeding, you should get help from medical professionals.