Introduction Tens of thousands of women undergo breast reduction surgery in the US each year. The condition of overdevelopment of the female breasts is becoming common in the US. The main factors that cause the breasts to become excessively enlarge include massive weight gain and poor lifestyle, genetics, pregnancy, and the use of certain medications like steroids. When the breasts become huge, they not only appear aesthetically unwelcoming but also create pain in different areas of the body such as the back, shoulder, and neck. Breast reduction surgery effectively reduces the size of the breasts and removes the physical pain by excising the surplus fat and glandular tissue from the breasts. Your candidacy for the operation will be determined during the pre-operative consultation. During the session, the doctor will examine your breasts, assess your health, take specific measurements, and ask you about your expectations from the surgery. What will the consultation be like? Even though breast reduction surgery has a record of delivering better outcomes, the operation is not for every woman. The patient is required to meet specific requirements to be considered a good candidate. The pre-operative consultation is the most critical part of the surgical process. It provides the patient and the surgeon the opportunity to discuss the problems the patient is facing and explore the options to fix the issues. – Examination of the breasts The first thing the plastic surgeon will do during the consultation session is examine your breasts. The doctor has to make sure that you are seeking the procedure for genuine reasons. He will check your breasts to determine whether they are huge and whether breast reduction surgery can help fix the condition. Many patients consider undergoing breast reduction surgery for invalid reasons. For instance, many patients with saggy breasts assume that they need a breast reduction, whereas in reality, they need the breast lift. The primary goal of breast reduction surgery is to reduce the size and weight of the breasts. It does not effectively lift the breasts. The plastic surgeon will also ask you as to how huge breasts are impacting your life and what sort of improvements you desire to get with the procedure. If huge breasts are resulting in pain in your back, neck, and shoulder, you must communicate this information to the plastic surgeon. Also, you must tell the surgeon as to how huge breasts are affecting your self-esteem and quality of life. – Assessment of your medical history After the examination of your breasts, the plastic surgeon will tell you whether breast reduction surgery can help fix the problem. If it can, then the surgeon will take a look at your medical history to make sure you are in good health. Breast reduction surgery is a significant, invasive, and traumatic procedure that involves incisions on the breasts and removal of the excess glandular tissue, fat, and skin from the breasts. It is essential that the patient should be in good health standing. Patients with severe health problems will be at higher risks during and after the surgery. You must share your entire medical history with the doctor so that he can make a thorough assessment of your candidacy. If you have severe types of diabetes, heart problems, pulmonary issues, or blood disorders, you should do a risk/benefit analysis and get the surgery only when the benefits are higher than the risks. – Evaluation of your goals and expectations The surgeon will ask you as to what sorts of improvements you desire to achieve with the surgery. You must have realistic goals to be a good candidate for the operation. If you want the get rid of the pain associated with enormous breasts, you must communicate this to the surgeon. If overly large breasts are affecting your body outline and looking aesthetically unpleasant, you must share this information with the doctor. Breast reduction surgery can effectively decrease the size and weight of your breasts and improve the contour and balance of your breasts; however, you should not expect the operation to make your breasts look like the breasts of another person or a celebrity. – Your motivation and readiness for the operation The plastic surgeon will also want to make sure that you are sufficiently motivated, willing, and prepared to undergo breast reduction surgery. Many patients want to undergo breast reduction surgery, but they are not ready to go through the recovery process. You must bear in mind that you have to go through a recovery process that can comprise of many weeks. Also, the procedure is highly invasive and involves incisions and trauma. The incisions will develop into scars after the surgery. The scars will gradually fade and become less visible over time, but they will stay with you permanently. If you are not prepared and motivated to undergo surgery and the recovery process, you should avoid the procedure. Breast reduction surgery involves downtime. You will be required to avoid work for two weeks after the surgery and instead spend time resting in bed. The recovery process can be physically and emotionally overwhelming. If you are ready to have these experiences, you are a good candidate for the procedure. – Taking measurements During the consultation session, the plastic surgeon will also take specific measurements. He will measure your existing breast dimensions and then evaluate it against your height and weight. If there is an inconsistency between your breast size and other physical features, breast reduction surgery can help fix the condition. Based on the measurements, the doctor will determine the volume of glandular tissue, fat, and skin that would be required to be removed from the breasts. – Smoking and use of certain medicines During the consultation session, the doctor will ask if you smoke and use some types of medications. Smoking affects the healing process, and so do certain medicines like blood thinning medicines. If you are a smoker, you must share this information with the plastic surgeon. The surgeon will ask you whether you are ready to stop smoking at least two weeks before the surgery and avoid smoking throughout the recovery period. If you are prepared for it, it means you are a good candidate for the procedure. Furthermore, the surgeon may ask you to stop taking certain medicines or cut the dose. Smoking affects the healing process by creating blood clotting and constricting the flow of blood to the incisions. As a result, the incisions fail to heal correctly in a timely manner. – Assessment of your skin quality Your skin should not be excessively inelastic because it will increase your risk of breast sagginess in the future. Keep in mind that the excess fat and tissue will be taken out of your breasts during the surgery, which can lead to the development of saggy breasts. If your skin is in excellent tone and quality, your breasts will remain perky and lifted after the surgery. Asking questions and addressing your concerns During the pre-operative consultation, the patient must address her concerns by asking relevant questions to the plastic surgeon. Patients are encouraged to do their research before the consultation and have some understanding of breast reduction surgery. You can ask the plastic surgeon to explain how the operation is performed and what risks are involved in the procedure. A trusted surgeon will always answer your questions and encourage you to ask more questions. You should also ask the doctor about the anesthesia options for breast reduction and why it is performed under general anesthesia. The recovery period is yet another important thing you must discuss with the doctor. While discussing the risks, a good surgeon will help you do a risk/benefit analysis of breast reduction in light of your overall health. Furthermore, you can ask the doctor as to what sorts of improvements you can expect to achieve with breast reduction. Conclusion Breast reduction surgery is a common plastic surgery procedure in the US. Women with overly developed breasts often decide to undergo breast reduction so that the problems associated with having huge breasts are resolved. Breast reduction surgery decreases your breast size and weight by removing the excess fat and glandular tissue from the breasts. Many women who want to undergo the procedure are not aware as to what will happen during the consultation session. The pre-operative consultation is a session during which the doctor will determine your candidacy for the procedure. It also provides you with the opportunity to discuss different aspects to the procedure and decide whether it is safe for you to get the surgery.